Here is the 28th weekly digest for Animal History Daily – THE LAST ONE - which I'm running on Twitter (@hannahvelten) for the first 6 months of 2014. Using the #AHD tag, I find random titbits of animal history from the British Newspaper Archive (@BNArchive) on the appropriate day, from any year (generally the 1800s).
This week… I give you all things bovine, sandwiched between post horses and barn owls.
This Week's Images
Octopus Revenge x 2 - both from Illustrated Police News
Left: Keeper at the Scarborough Aquarium being attacked while cleaning out the tanks - escaped from octopuses by taking off his boots - 27 September 1879
Right: Imagined scene from a fashionable American watering-hole when screams of bathers of the fairer sex alerted beach goers to their plight... but all's well that ends well - they escaped unharmed, although shocked - 17 October 1896
This week’s #AHD tweets: wearied horses, lice on calves, fried cow, fighting cow, performing bull, cross-Channel cattle and useful owls.
9th July: 1838: 'Unprincipled' post-boys of Brighton allowing four wearied horses to drive on to Arundel when should have changed them (Sussex Advertiser)
10th July: 1862: Lice on calves can be controlled by brushing with curry comb & dressing of sour buttermilk and soft soap and soda applied to hide (Fife Herald)
11th July: 1834: Cow killed by lightening on the Nothe, Weymouth, during violent summer storm (Salisbury & Winchester Journal)
12th July 1861: Cow charged by another - afterwards milked blood & couldn't lie down - treated with porter and white rosin (pine resin), but died (Cork Examiner)
13th July: 1879: Ligero - the Performing Bull was 'The Feature of the Season' at Royal Aquarium. One shilling (The Era) - See image above from The Graphic - 21st June 1879
14th July: 1896: Nat.Fed.of Meat Traders discuss humane treatment of cattle in cross-Channel transit from Ireland. E.g.Rooth's patent cattle stall (Freeman’s Journal) *
15th July: 1911: The Utility of Owls. Analysis of 113 barn owl pellets shows folly of farmers killing... Rats, mice, shrew remains; no game birds (Whitstable Times)
* And conditions really were appalling for the cattle transported from Ireland - The Humanitarian League published Cattle Ships and Our Meat Supply, by I.M Greg, in 1899 to highlight conditions... it's a harrowing read.
Here is the 27th weekly digest for Animal History Daily, which I'm running on Twitter (@hannahvelten) every day for 2014. Using the #AHD tag, I find random titbits of animal history from the British Newspaper Archive (@BNArchive) on the appropriate day, from any year (generally the 1800s).
This week… I give you DOGS.
IMAGE OF THE WEEK
"This is a scene which may be witnessed any day, especially during the busy season, in front of the Army and Navy Stores in Victoria Street. A tolerably large percentage of customers to the Stores are accompanied by canine pets of various breeds and sizes, but as entrance to the Stores is rigorously forbidden to dogs, they are obliged to be left outside in charge of footmen or commissionaires, or, in some cases, without any supervision at all. This very often leads to their straying or being enticed away, and the moral of the picture is, “When you go shopping at the Stores, leave your dogs at home.”"
27 July 1889
This week’s #AHD tweets: show dogs, dog’s revenge on cat, stuffed dog, ladies’ pets, train dogs, gifted skeleton and a lightning dog.
2nd July: Best Crystal Palace Dog Show yet: though dogs appeared to suffer greatly from intense heat, despite hanging of damp canvas etc. (The Graphic)
3rd July: 1927: Lincoln: Dog Kills & Burys Cat - stranger cat repeatedly invading dog's territory, so dog killed it and buried it in the garden (Morning Chronicle)
4th July 1942: Visitors to London should look in the Strand, near Somerset House, for a British bull dog peeping out of shop doorway which looks like it's spoiling for a fight. It is stuffed. For 25yrs it tricked visitors too in Burlington Arcade where lived before move (2 tweets) (Evening Telegraph) *
5th July: 1911: Since ladies took up the pursuit of dog-breeding the lot of the animal has been enormously improved – hospitals & homes, etc (Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette)
6th July: 1890: To Editor from ‘A Dog’: Beg yr readers not to send us by train during Christmas week. Vans full of parcels & our sufferings great (Morning Post)
7th July: 1885: Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons has been enriched with skeleton of large St Bernard dog, Chang, immortalised in Punch mag (Western Times) - see image to left: Chang was owned by George du Maurier, one of Punch's illustrators. Chang sneaked into many illustrations in the magazine.
8th July: 1866: Retriever dog (& man) killed by lightning strike at Wood Ham pigeon shooting club – dog seen kicking legs when vapour cleared (Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper)
* I tried really hard to find an image, but I’m defeated.
Here is the 26th weekly digest for Animal History Daily, which I'm running on Twitter (@hannahvelten) every day for 2014. Using the #AHD tag, I find random titbits of animal history from the British Newspaper Archive (@BNArchive) on the appropriate day, from any year (generally the 1800s).
This week… I give you horses.
IMAGE OF THE WEEK
Hengler’s Grand Cirque, Covent Garden, 1889
More on the sad tale of the Baldwin Pony from a previous post
This week’s #AHD tweets: a horse for sale, performing horses, dangerous carriage horses, processional horses, a smuggler’s horse, the original horse ‘whisperer’ and a poisoned racehorse.
25th June: 1785: To Be SOLD: at the Bell, Hog Hill (Norfolk) - 'A Capital Brown HORSE, nr 16 hands high, a fine Figure, goes well & trots fast...' (Norfolk Chronicle)
26th June: 1816: Royal Amphitheatre (Astley's) Westminster-bridge... introducing a real Horse Race and real Fox Chace [sic]... (Morning Chronicle)
27th June: 1826: Court case of surgeons pursuing payment from 2 wealthy ladies whose carriage horses ran over 2 ladies as turned into Berkeley Square. Ladies suffered broken leg & injured spine - surgeons treated, but bill not paid by carriage owners (2 tweets) (Morning Post)
28th June: 1838: Her Majesty's Coronation Procession details. The State Coach to be drawn by 8 Cream-coloured Horses. Director of event = Master of the Horse (Wiltshire Independent) *
29th June: 1848: Portsmouth - Affray with Smugglers - customs men spotted horse & cart receiving boxes full of tobacco; investigated & attacked (London Standard)
30th June: 1858: Practical demonstrations by Mr Sullivan, the "whisperer" of horses, with proven taming powers - subdued 3 vicious horses… any person with ordinary share of strength & activity, & accustomed to horses, could subdue... by means of Mr Sullivan's secret (2 tweets) (Cork Examiner) **
Image to right: James Sullivan - The Irish Horse Whisperer of Dunhallow County Cork (Harrison Weir, 1858). But could this be Daniel or his father, or grandfather?? It seems three generations of Sullivans were horse "whisperers".
1st July: 1868: The Poisoning of a Racehorse - Barnstable - groom killed 'Little Sally' by putting hydrochloric acid into her corn feed on morning of race. Groom had part ownership of 'Little Fairy' and wanted it to win race - poisoner committed for trail (Taunton Courier) ***
* One of the ‘Great Officers of the Household’, the Master of the Horse was head of the Royal Mews and had responsibility for the royal stables, for arranging transport for the Sovereign and the Royal Household – horses, carriages, and vehicles – and for maintaining the Royal studs.
** see image below: letter to the Editor of Belfast Morning News 22 February 1858: it seems the Irish fought hard to retain their status as the original horse whisperers!
*** Eventually the groom was sentenced to 5 years ‘penal servitude’
Here is the 25th weekly digest for Animal History Daily, which I'm running on Twitter (@hannahvelten) every day for 2014. Using the #AHD tag, I find random titbits of animal history from the British Newspaper Archive (@BNArchive) on the appropriate day, from any year (generally the 1800s).
IMAGE OF THE WEEK
Animal Welfare Week Procession - 9th May 1925 - The Bath Chronicle and Herald (above)
Animal Welfare Week Procession - 19th June 1926 - The Bath Chronicle and Herald (below)
These processions (note the use of the bull dogs both years!) were established in 1922, across London and regional centres, to mark the 100th anniversary of Martin's Act - the first animal cruelty legislation. The City of Bath's procession formed part of the Animal Welfare Week. During this week efforts were made to increase awareness of animal welfare:
Clergy and ministers were asked to refer to the ‘human duty to animals’ in their sermons that week; school teachers to devote at least one hour during the week to a lesson on the ‘claims of animals’; and ‘humane workers throughout the country to organise local meetings.'
(from Western Daily Press March 31 1922)
This week’s #AHD tweets: disruptive dog, firemen’s pets, an animal preserver, a pony saviour, electrocuted greyhound (nearly), gibbing horses and a liger
18th June: 1851: Scottish minister disturbed during sermon by barking dog, tugged hair of deacon (sitting below) to eject dog but pulled wig off (Belfast Newsletter)
19th June: 1903: Polly, the Camden Town Fire Brigade pet parrot, illustrious seafaring career before came to shore. Loves playing with water hoses (Evening Telegraph)
20th June: 1871: The stuffed birds exhibited at the Clifton College (Bristol) 'Conversazione' were contributed by Mr Wheeler, animal preserver (Western Daily Press)
21st June: 1856: Pony saved drunk man from drowning after 'inducing' people to follow it to a pond - at night, field at Durham - pony delighted (Cambridge Independent Press)
22nd June: 1931: A first in greyhound racing - Dew Back (dog) ran under canopy which covers the mechanical 'hare' - narrowly avoided electrocution (Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer)
23rd June: 1874: Jibbing Horses: Vice attributed to a natural tendency to rebel or sulk (e.g. horses refusing to pull carriage - often beaten)... But I feel convinced many high-courage animals made jibbers by inconsiderate, not to say brutal, treatment by unsympathising man (2 tweets) (York Herald)
24th June: 1924: No more remarkable animal has ever been exhibited @zsllondonzoo than the full-grown, huge, lion-tiger hybrid - bred in India (Aberdeen Journal) **
** Thomas Aitkin's travelling menagerie was advertised, in mid-1820s, as containing cross-bred lion-tigers, or 'liger' cubs - the offspring of the tigress and a lion living in the same den. The cubs were tawny in colour, with dark stripes that faded on maturity, and the males had very little mane.
Here is the 24th weekly digest for Animal History Daily, which I'm running on Twitter (@hannahvelten) every day for 2014. Using the #AHD tag, I find random titbits of animal history from the British Newspaper Archive (@BNArchive) on the appropriate day, from any year (generally the 1800s).
This week all AHD tweets are from the 1900s – although from the 1960s onwards it’s difficult to find any mention of animals in the daily papers.
IMAGE OF THE WEEK
The Windsor Greys at Ascot
Saturday 17 June 1882
#AHD tweets: this week dogs without a tail, the Hull polo scene, an infuriated bull, an outlandish love of animals, skulking cats, a narrow escape and a rodeo gone wrong.
11th June: 1925: Law: No docking of dogs' tails w/out anaesthetic - docking was supposed to make dog smarter & owners bit tails off after birth (Yorkshire Evening Post)
12th June: 1905: Polo season opened at Holderness Club, Hull - vs Middlewood. M's horses far the best, but H's animals were 'not to be despised' (Hull Daily Mail)
(Image left: 11th May 1896 - Hull Daily Mail)
13th June: 1933: By jumping on back of infuriated bull & forcing animal to lie down by wrenching nose ring, quarryman saved farmhand from goring (Hull Daily Mail)
14th June: 1943: Love of animals is all very well. But what about our fellow human beings? Red Cross Service perpetually hard up yet anti-vivisection and animal welfare societies huge income. This seems wrong to us, esp. in war-time (2 tweets) (Sunday Post)
15th June: 1950: Derby RSPCA depot offers boarding for pets while people on summer holiday - cats sulk, though, in kennels as miss owners (Derby Daily Telegraph)
16th June: 1914: A Narrow Escape: tramcar thundering down Birmingham street stopped just short of small dog on tracks intent on devouring meat (Birmingham Gazette)
17th June: 1924: Rodeo performances at Wembley & the allegation of cruelty involved in the steer-roping contests, in which 1 animal had a leg broken on Saturday night, led to series of questions in H of C yesterday & decision by RSPCA to apply for a summons (2 tweets) (Western Morning News)
Here is the 23rd weekly digest for Animal History Daily, which I'm running on Twitter (@hannahvelten) every day for 2014. Using the #AHD tag, I find random titbits of animal history from the British Newspaper Archive (@BNArchive) on the appropriate day, from any year (generally the 1800s).
IMAGE OF THE WEEK (although not related to this week in history!)
The Adventures of 'Jim'
The Graphic 10 August 1889
This piece seems to be a stand-alone article - I'm not sure why it would be featured in a national newspaper, but it's a rather beautiful piece of social history about pet ownership and well observed dog behaviour. Note the pug as the fashionable pet of the time and the train travel (dog tickets were issued).
#AHD tweets: this week we have a suicidal horse, a kicking horse, Obaysch the hippo, London sparrows, escapee pigs, a gallow's horse and cow stealing.
4th June: 1846: Account of a pariah horse, tyrannised by herd, committing suicide: darting with furious speed against a tree, fracturing skull (Hereford Times)
5th June: 1886: Man died after being hit by falling roof at Rowley Station Colliery after horse he driving kicked tree supporting roof (Worcester Journal)
6th June: 1850: Hippo arrived at London Zoo with his Arab keeper: animal lays his chin on his keeper's feet at night, but separated by partition in case the affection of the animal should prompt to some manifestation of overpowering and killing kindness (2 tweets) (Inverness Courier)
Obaysch actually arrived on May 25th and was the first hippo specimen to be shipped alive. He became the Zoo's star attraction (see below - source unknown)
7th June: 1831: the London sparrows often as sooty and black as chimney-sweepers. Unusual nest = in mouth of lion on front of Northumberland Ho. (Hull Packet)
8th June: 1891: Ellen Terry remembers Charles Reade arriving at rehearsals with goat and three pigs; pigs escaped into London and cut from show (Evening Telegraph)
9th June: 1945: Notes & Queries from 1829 report'd: 1 of horses pulling cart taking nine Taunton rioters (bread) to Stone Gallows was 33yrs old (Taunton Courier)
10th June: 1839: Case of Cow-Stealing in Dublin - Owner followed hoof marks of missing cow along road towards town - found in Smithfield Market
Here is the 22nd weekly digest for Animal History Daily, which I'm running on Twitter (@hannahvelten) every day for 2014. Using the #AHD tag, I find random titbits of animal history from the British Newspaper Archive (@BNArchive) on the appropriate day, from any year (generally the 1800s). This week I've been tweeting from the years 1908 and 1909 - for no particular reason!
IMAGE OF THE WEEK
In 1908 Dr Julius Neubronner patented a pigeon-cam, activated by a timing mechanism, taking 12 exposures at intervals. When Dr Neubronner flew his pigeons in front of crowds in Dresden, the negatives were developed and sold as postcard prints. The pigeon cameras were later employed in 1932 for Polar exploration.
#AHD tweets: this week we have lion and bear escapees, a dog called 'Smut', eggs, taxidermy, an exhumed dog, London Zoo tigers and a hot horse.
28th May: 1908: A Scare at Earl's Court Exhibition: Bostock's bear and lion escaped from wild beast arena; both captured without incident (Evening Telegraph)
29th May: 1908: The Bristol dog "Smut" which gained notoriety by its persistent refusal to be poisoned, though three attempts were made, is again in trouble, having bitten three children. The magistrates, however, made an order for its destruction, but here is a probability that the animal will be given another chance, the National Canine Defence League having found it a home (3 tweets) (Manchester Couier and Lanc. General Advertiser)
30th May: 1908: Substitute more eggs for meat in daily diet? Vegetarians of England use eggs freely; and many of these men are 80 or 90 years old (Burnley Gazette)
31st May: 1909: taxidermy by Mr Rowland Ward now in Exeter Museum: arctic animals diorama and family of foxes - special grant from Board of Educ. (Western Times)
Ist June: 1909: Dog Exhumed: White, rough-haired terrier killed for sheep worrying was exhumed after ownership disputed; belonged to an orphanage (Nottingham Evening Post)
2nd June: 1909: 'The tiger wild in his native jungle is one of the most beautiful of God's creatures; the sight of him behind prison bars in Regent's Park is to me always one of the saddest.' Colonel Algernon Durand in The Times (2 tweets) (Evening Telegraph)
3rd June: 1908: The heat of the last few days in taking effect, for a horse belonging to a York man availed itself of the hospitality of the landlord of the Bricklayer's Arms... by backing into the public-house. The animal evidently enjoyed the cool shades... because it took a great deal of time before the last was seen of it. It paid its debt by kicking down a partition between the snug & the dram shop (3 tweets) (Hull Daily Mail)
Here is the twenty-first weekly digest for Animal History Daily, which I'm running on Twitter (@hannahvelten) every day for 2014. Using the #AHD tag, I find random titbits of animal history from the British Newspaper Archive (@BNArchive) on the appropriate day, from any year (generally the 1800s). This week I've been tweeting about pets.
IMAGE OF THE WEEK:
Is this an image of Palmer's Pet Store in Camden Town? The shop closed in 2005 after sales of animals crashed, with children wanting an iPod or a computer for Christmas rather than a budgie.
The pet shop, opened in 1918, used to sell more exotic fare - Charlie Chaplin bought two Abyssinian kittens, and chimpanzees were also for sale.
The original frontage of the shop is still in existence, with signs advertising 'Talking Parrots' and 'Monkeys'.
I found a first-hand account of someone who worked there - sounded chaotic!
21st May - 1886: Parrots, Parrots - Grey, Green, Lorie birds for sale - William Cross, Largest Importer in the World, Liverpool. Also pet monkeys (Daily Gazette for Middlesbrough)
22nd May - 1916: Curator of reptiles adopts 'Popocatepetl' the ocelot cub; kept in study on bed of cottonwool and eats morsels of pigeon & rabbit (Derby Daily Telegraph)
23rd May - 1846: Newfoundland dog so jealous of new pet lamb that took first opportunity to grab it, and walk 1/4 mile to drown it in the Thames (Berkshire Chronicle)
24th May - 1913: King & Queen visiting Chester when one of crowd shouted: 'Three cheers for the King'; in reply a pet parrot said, 'Shut Up!' (PIP)
25th May - 1927: Jennie, the badger, 'adopted' Mr Wellaway by following him along the street. She willingly submits to petting & lives in house (Western Morning News)
26th May - 1900: Will bees ever become drawing-room pets? Mrs Baden-Powell installed swarm in straw hides behind glass, causing much amusement (The Graphic)
27th May - 1876: A Sheep Fond of Practical Jokes - Provost in Scotland had pet lamb and it would wait at open window above house entrance and fall onto unsuspecting house visitors; all complained but finally sheep disappeared after it fell on Provost himself (Grantham Journal)
And finally (just because)... William Cross (the seller of parrots above) also seemed to do a roaring trade in tortoises. Seems they were sold to the public by all sorts of middle-men, including fishmongers! - as pets and garden pest-killers. From The Era 03 December 1881.
Here is the twentieth weekly digest for Animal History Daily, which I'm running on Twitter (@hannahvelten) every day for 2014. Using the #AHD tag, I find random titbits of animal history from the British Newspaper Archive (@BNArchive) on the appropriate day, from any year (generally the 1800s)
IMAGES OF THE WEEK
'The only one-rail tram of its kind in England' - Canvey Island, 1902
The first Essex monorail appeared during the Summer of 1902, linking the ferry landing stage at Benfleet Creek to the new pier and esplanade. It only ran for a short time.
I love the difference between the planned version (left) and the actual version (below) - that poor horse... more info here
This week's #AHD offerings:
Cattle on the quays, the Tower of London menagerie, a talking canary, a bull in a river, a May storm, a lame elephant and a pathetic dog.
14th May - 1884: Nearly 1400 cattle backlog at Glasgow slaughterhouse after docking of steamers from US; temporary byres on quays as trade slows (Edinburgh Evening News)
15th May - 1826: Menagerie Royal, Tower of London - It is impossible sufficiently to eulogise the activity of the Keeper, Mr Cops, in... providing for public inspection so many beautiful specimens of savage nature, in addition to those belonging to his MAJESTY (Morning Post) *
16th May - 1839: 'The Living Talking Canary... He is certainly one of the rarest exhibitions among the many rare things with which London abounds.' (Morning Chronicle)
17th May - 1930: Bull in Derby River - frightened by youths playing cricket, dashed into river, swam & floundered, 2 men kicked while try to help (Derby Daily Telegraph) **
18th May - OTD 1943: 30 cattle perished in fields or drowned in small part of Aberdeenshire when most severe May storm in living memory hit (Aberdeen Journal)
19th May - 1888: RSPCA case vs Sanger's Circus for cruelly making lame elephant travel in London: from Westminster to Blackfriars... to St. Paul's Railway Station, to Alridge's Sale Room, where to be sold. But not taken in & then onto Victoria Railway Station... to be sent back to Sanger's in Margate but company not take it in and driven to London Bridge. Owner charged £5 (Manchester Courier) ***
20th May - 1910: One of the most pathetic figures in today's procession (funeral of Edward VII) was the King's dog, Caesar, led by a Highlander (Hull Daily Mail - below)
* More information about the 'spirited exertions of Mr Cops' can be read in 'Memoirs of the Tower of London' (1830) by Britton & Brayley (via Google books, pp.362-3)
** The bull managed to get out of the river and returned to its field - the two men escaped serious injury
*** The elephant was called 'Poonah' and travelled around London at about half a mile an hour.
Here is the nineteenth weekly digest for Animal History Daily, which I'm running on Twitter (@hannahvelten) every day for 2014. Using the #AHD tag, I find random titbits of animal history from the British Newspaper Archive (@BNArchive) on the appropriate day, from any year (generally the 1800s)
IMAGE OF THE WEEK
St Jacobs Oil - Veterinary Purposes in Yellow Wrappers
Burnley Gazette 28 July 1888
'The public are particularly cautioned to use the Oil in yellow wrappers ONLY for veterinary purposes - Oil in white wrappers is quite a different thing [for human medicine]... We should most certainly say, from the enormous popularity which the Oil has attained, not only in this country but in every part of the civilised world that no stable or kennel will be complete without St Jacobs Oil in yellow wrappers. It is now used extensively and with wonderful success by the leading Job-Masters [horse hirers], Omnibus and Cab Companies of London and provincial cities, in all cases where an outward application is indicated... Its success has been particularly marked in cases of lameness in our stables... it is the greatest pain-cure ever discovered... it is the cure of sprains, stiffness, lameness, and suffering on man and beast.'
This week's #AHD offerings:
Advertising gone wrong, a talking fish, inbreeding, a freak of nature, killing off gold-fish, circus elephant in town, and animal refugees.
7th May: 1892: Manchester seller of cattle feed used one fine horse & one decrepit for 'realistic' advertising, but police fined him for cruelty (Grantham Journal)
8th May: 1859: A 'Talking Fish' on show at 191, Piccadilly - actually female sealion - occupies half tub of water in day & has blanket at night (The Era)
9th May: 1840: 'In all animals the same family in blood coming together, degenerates the race, and a want of nervous energy is the consequence.' (Westmorland Gazette)
10th May: 1889: 'Freak of Nature': black kitten with its back part separated into two kittens & btwn head and two tails is leg - 7 legs in all (Hartlepool Mail)
11th May: 1889: Trying to keep goldfish alive when at sea - ending in calamity for the fish... (The Graphic)
12th May: 1906: Circus procession going through Ludlow & elephant stood on wooden door to cellar; one leg went through & whole house shook (Manchester Courier)
13th May: 1947: Over 40 animals/birds from German zoos arrived at Tilbury docks for @zsllondonzoo because of acute food shortages on Continent (Hull Daily Mail)
Hannah Velten - author of